8 Page : 123-137
Author(s) : Somnuk Chanduaykit, Sunee Wongkongkathep, Khanit Rattanarungsima, Angsana Rityoue
Keyword(s) : children,early childhood caries,food consumption,oral hygiene
Manuscript Type : Original Article (บทวิทยาการ)
Page : 123-137
The purpose of this study was to identify associated risk factors of early childhood caries (ECC) in a sample of Thai children 6-30 months of age. Samples were children who came for vaccination at well baby clinics in 296 MOPH hospitals from 24 provinces (12 regions: 2 provinces per region) during August - September, 2003. Data were collected from children’s oral examination and caregivers interviews, using a 30-question form developed by the research team. Analyses were performed by Chi–square test, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and forward stepwise logistic regression. A total of 3,790 complete interviews and dental examination cases (73.1 %) were analyzed. The results revealed that the majority of the caregivers were mothers (58.9%) residing in rural area (70%) with an income of < 10,000 bahts per month (80.1 %) and with an education at the primary school level (57.9 %). The prevalence of ECC were 1.4 % in 6-12 month-old children, 16.6 % in 13-24 month-old children and 45.4 % in 25-30 month-old children. Associated risk factors of children’s caries experience included age (OR= 19.3, 95% CI, 7.9- 47.2, p = .000), oral hygiene (OR= 9.2, 95% CI, 6.9-12.1, p = .000), prolonged rice keeping in the mouth (OR = 1.8, 95% CI, 1.4-2.6, p = .000), frequent consumption of high-risk snacks (OR = 1.5, 95%CI, 1.2-1.9, p = .001), sleeping with bottle (OR = 1.4, 95%CI, 1.1-1.8, p = .013), and no-vegetable consumption behavior (OR=0.683, 95%CI, 0.5-0.9, p = .003).